SKINCARE GLOSSARY

Term Description
Anti-oxidants Anti-oxidants are a unique group of vitamins and minerals that helps the body rid itself of free radicals that cause cell damage.
Dermabrasives Dermabrasives are agents that remove (exfoliate) the layer of dead skin cells from the surface of the skin.
Lipids Emollients prevent the skin becoming dry and also protect it by providing a barrier, they also soften the skin.
Free Radicals Free Radicals are unstable molecules in the skin that form as a result of natural body processes such as aging and environmental factors such as sun. They destroy proteins, enzymes and vitamins, that the skin needs to replenish itself, which results in wrinkles.
Microdermabrasion Often referred to as Microderm, this popular cosmetic procedure in which the dead outermost surface of the skin is partially or completely removed by light abrasion. Different methods include mechanical abrasion from jets of zinc oxide or aluminum oxide crystals, fine organic particles, or a roughened surface such as Salt Crystals. Particles and removed material are vacuumed off through the wand/handpiece through which the abrasive particles come. Is used to remove sun-damaged skin and to remove or lessen scars and dark spots on the skin. The procedure is not very painful and requires no anesthetic.
Photo Ageing Ultra-violet light is the cause of most of the changes that we consider to be associated with ageing of the skin. Commonly known as photo damage it is Sun damage of the skin. It can be either acute, as in a sunburn or more commonly, chronic, seen as gradual changes in the skin caused by an accumulation of sun exposure throughout one's life. Chronic photo damage results in either a cosmetic change in the skin's appearance called photo aging, or changes that are of medical and health concerns such as pre-cancerous lesions and skin cancers. The evidence is very strong that.
Skin

The skin is our largest organ. It functions as a protective covering, a key sensing organ, an oil producer, and an important organ of elimination. Through regular evaporation and perspiration, the skin can clear all kinds of toxins to help maintain internal balance. The skin must be well nourished to stay healthy. It needs good circulation through its millions of tiny capillaries, good nerve function, and a ready supply of nutrients to aid its rapid growth.

Our skin surface is the intermediary between the external and internal environments and reflects the health of the underlying organs and our internal body function.A beautiful healthy skin is dependant on the health of the rest of our body in particular the other organs of elimination (lungs, kidneys, bowels)

SPF Sun protection factor. A scale for rating the level of sunburn protection in sunscreen products. The higher the SPF, the more sunburn protection it gives. Sunscreens with an SPF value of 2 through 11 give minimal protection against sunburns. Sunscreens with an SPF of 12 through 29 give moderate protection. Those with an SPF of 30 or higher give high protection against sunburn.
Surfactants Surfactants dissolve oils and grease from the skin and hold dirt in suspension so it can be washed away from the body with water.
Cleansers Cleansing of the skin helps the skin to maintain a healthy, attractive looking, surface. It removes dust, perspiration, and some of the breakdown products of sebum. Makeup can also be removed.